Technology is advancing by leaps and bounds and even more if we focus on its computing capacity. A little over a decade ago we were already talking about supercomputers petascalethat’s to say, 1 PETAFLOPS, an important step in its time. Now we have taken another big step forward and we are talking about a supercomputer a exascalecalled JUPITERwhich grants 1 EXAFLOP of computing power, so a thousand times greater.
That’s right, exascale supercomputers have arrived and will soon appear in Europe. The scoop is taken by the Germans, who will receive it at the Research Center of Julichat the price of 500 million euros. Of these, 250 million will come from the European supercomputing initiative EuroHPC JU. The 250 million remaining, will be subsidized in equal parts by the Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) and the Ministry of Culture and Science of the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia (MKWNRW).
The supercomputer is called JUPITER and is located in Julich
Jülich is a center that has been blessed with some of the fastest computer systems ever created. This research center has already inaugurated the first pre-exascale computer in Europe. It was called LUMIwho ranks third on the list TOP500 of the most powerful computers in the world.
As for the first place, it is led by the American supercomputer Borderconsidered the world’s first exascale computer. Exascale computing is that which indicates systems capable of performing a minimum of 1 EXAFLOP (10^18) floating point operations per second. This means a thousand times better than the first petascale team, with 1 PETAFLOP (10^15) that emerged in 2008.
Now in Europe we have a supercomputer capable of doing 1 EXAFLOP thanks to JUPITER, whose acronym stands for “Joint Undertaking Pioneer for Innovative and Transformative Exascale Research”. In short, it will be used for research, but it will only be 2024 when you are expected fully operational.
Your hardware is a mystery at the moment
We don’t know at all what kind of hardware it will use unfortunately, although we do know that it will work through modules such as the GPU amplifier. This was discovered during his presentation to the press, which mentioned that the system Exascale will be offered via GPUs from 2023. This means that the HPC JUPITER will have a booster module with a great power calculation based on the use of High efficiency GPU.
Another of its modules, the Quantum moduleis presented as a future idea to bring these supercomputers into the realm of quantum computers. We also have a Neuromorphic modulewhich we assume to be for neuromorphic engineering research, to understand how neurons. Then a module for high-speed parallel flash memory, and finally, a curious module for Key Enabling Technologies (ket).
Regarding the expected average consumption of JUPITER, it should be 15 megawatts, being designed as a “green” exascale computer. This indicates that it will be supplied with energy respecting the environment. It may seem like an overwhelming consumption, but Borderthe American exascale supercomputer, had an energy expenditure greater than 21.1 megawatts when using linen bundle.
They will therefore use hot water cooling to help achieve the highest efficiency values. In addition, thanks to this cooling technology, it will be possible to use the waste heat intelligently, for example by connecting the system to a low temperature network of the Jülich campus.